A credit union is a cooperative, not-for-profit financial institution organized to promote thrift and provide credit to members. It is member-owned and controlled through a board of directors elected by the membership. The board serves on a volunteer basis and may hire a management team to run the credit union. The board also establishes and revises policy, sets dividend and loan rates, and directs certain operations.
The result: members are provided with a safe, convenient place to save and borrow at reasonable rates at an institution which exists to benefit them, not to make a profit.
Here are some other frequently asked questions (FAQs) about credit unions:
Yes; at LorMet Community Federal Credit Union your accounts, such as individual and joint accounts and revocable trust accounts, are federally insured by the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) up to $250,000. The NCUA insures Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) separately up to $250,000. Some credit unions are not federally insured and you will want to make sure you understand that credit union’s insurance situation before joining.
Credit union members are also the owners. Unlike most financial institutions which are owned by stockholders who own a part of the institution and intend on making money from their investment, a credit union doesn’t operate in that manner. Rather, each credit union member owns one “share” of the organization. The user of credit union services is also an owner, and is even entitled to vote on important issues, such as the election of member representatives to serve on the board of directors.
A credit union exists to serve a specific group of people, such as a group of employees or the members of a professional or religious group. This is called a “field of membership.” The field of membership may include where they live, where they work, or their membership in a social or economic group. The field of membership for LorMet Community Federal Credit Union is any person who lives, works, worships or attends school in Lorain County, Ohio.
The first credit union cooperatives started in Germany over a century ago. Today, credit unions are found everywhere in the world. The credit union movement started in this country in Manchester, New Hampshire. There, the St. Mary’s Cooperative Credit Association, a church-affiliated credit union, opened its doors in 1909. Today, one in every three Americans is a credit union member.
The primary purpose in furthering their goal of service is to encourage members to save money. Another purpose is to offer loans to members. In fact, credit unions have traditionally made loans to people of ordinary means. Credit unions can charge lower rates for loans (as well as pay higher dividends on savings) because they are not-for-profit cooperatives. Rather than paying profits to stockholders, credit unions return earnings to members in the form of dividends or improved services.
In many ways the two are very similar. Both typically offer checking, savings, credit cards, loans, and other banking services. It is organization and structure where they differ. Banks are typically for-profit businesses selling banking services to deliver profits to their stockholders. Credit unions are not-for-profit cooperatives providing banking services to its members.